Cricket (from the English cricket) is a sport of bat and ball, where he faced two teams of eleven players each. Playing on a grass field, roughly oval (elliptical), whose length should not be less than one football. In the center of the field there is a rectangular field is known as that of pitch.

Originated in his form in England, cricket is popular mainly in the countries of the British Commonwealth of Nations. In the countries of the Indian subcontinent, is the sport of the masses.

History of cricket

The origins of cricket are uncertain and have led to plenty of speculation. The majority of the researchers said that Cricket was invented by children from the communities located between Kent and Sussex in the middle ages. There are also data from a similar sport, called creag, Prince Edward de Nawenden practiced in 1300.

Another frequent claim has been the Flemish influence. Paul Campbell, Professor in the Department of English and Theatre from the Australian National University in Canberra, discovered a poem that dates back to 1533, attributed to John Skelton, a famous poet and dramatist of the era, which is the first known reference to the game of the criquet.1 in, Skelton refers to flamingos as the Kings of crekettes, curved bats used by pastors and used weavers to hit a ball.

By 1550 was already played in some schools and later, in the 17TH century, cricket expanded all over the South of England where played parties organized with 11 players by lado.2 A end of the 18th century was already the national sport of the country. The rules were set with the creation of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the game until 1959 was supervised. Later some changes were made and held the first World Cup in 1975. Today is an extremely popular game in countries that have adopted it. [citation needed]

Dynamic game

The batter Trinidadian Brian Lara, the selection of West Indies against the selection of India (2002).
Team batsman is that scoring races. Batsmen play in pairs, one to one end of the field (pitch) cricket from where was punt (striker end) and the other where the ball (non-striker end) is released. The batter which is currently in the end striker must hit the ball as far as possible that would give you time both batters running to the other end, until the ball is returned to either end. The Act of both batsmen to reach the other end, producing a career. If the ball is batted far enough, you can score it more runs coming and going at the other end until the ball again. The batter ending in the end striker is the next ball he faces.

The team throwing attempts to restrict not only the number of races, but also kill the hitters of the opposing team. The ball is thrown from the non-striker end by the Launcher, which will attempt to give to the wicket, defended by the batter, made up of three vertical sticks (the middle) which are placed on two sticks sills (the tricks). Both as if the batter gives you the ball, or not, the ball is collected by a defense (fielder) and returned to the thrower. A set of six releases is an over. Once a pitcher over an over, another pitcher take the baton and launched another over from the other end of the Court; batsmen remain in the side that remained. Whenever a hitter is eliminated (out), a new batsman joins couple with the batter that has not been removed.

Input terminates when it is not possible to form another couple; normally when removed ten of the eleven batters. One of the batsmen is not removed (not out). Once the input, roles are changed and the team that boleaba becomes the batter.

Ways to make out

The tricks that are placed on top of the three stumps.
Knocking down the ball either of the two Rails (the tricks) placed on the three clubs (the middle) located in turn behind the batter. It is usually sufficient to hit the sticks so that the studs.
Taking the ball until it hits the ground once it has been batted for the batter.
Knocking down the ball clubs, and therefore the Rails, when the batter is on the run and the ball has been collected by a field player. This mode is called run out.
If to the bat maintaining at least one foot on its base (crease) and the coup fail the player from the opposing team normally located behind the batter (wicket-keeper), picks up the

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