Despite how difficult that is to assume that it is a drug, by the integrated which is in our culture, the truth is that it is the most consumed drug in our country and that produces more problems of all kinds.
Alcohol is a depressant of the Central nervous system, which belongs to the Group of sedatives along with barbiturates and benzodiazepines.
Ethyl alcohol or ethanol is the drug that is in alcoholic beverages, although there are other types of spirits as the methyl, which is mainly used in industry.
Ethyl alcohol is obtained in two ways:
1. by fermentation of fruits, vegetables or grains. Ex.: wines, beers.
2. by distillation: artificial means to increase the concentration of alcohol in a drink. Ex.: cognac, gin, whisky and vodka.
The metabolic pathway that follows a alcohol when consumed do not has nothing to do with the normal digestive process. It passes through the stomach into the duodenum, where it is absorbed; subsequent to the bloodstream, causing irritation and stimulates the secretion of gastric juices as well as inflammation of the esophagus and stomach, gastritis and ulcers.
Within minutes alcohol reaches the brain, where it operates and where the greatest impact can be seen.
The excessive consumption of alcohol (large amounts) in a short period of time can cause death.
Alcohol is a poison that circulate in the blood, reaches all the organs and systems of the body, so it can cause significant and multiple problems related to its consumption: affects intracellular breathing, the production of neurotransmitters, and metabolism.
In the habitual drinker appears withdrawal after a drink from one to five days imprisonment. In this withdrawal syndrome organic, psychic and neurovegetative symptoms occur.
Ability to adictogena of alcohol (0 to 4 rating)
3 psychosocial dependence
Somatic pathology of chronic alcoholism: nausea, vomiting bile and viscous, gastritis, pancreatitis, alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver.
Respiratory: Laryngitis, pneumonia, bronchitis.
Cardio-respiratory: Arterial hypertension, epistaxis and bleeding tendencies.
Hematology: Anemias, Leucopenias.
Endocrine: Deficit adrenal, gonadal atrophy men with decreased libido and impotence.
Muscle: Acute and chronic myopathies.
Metabolic: Hypoglycaemia, hyperuricemia, hiccups and avitaminosis.
Neurological: Dysarthria, tremor of the hands, eyelids and tongue, seizures, polyneuritis and ataxias.
Alcoholic or Wernicke's alucinosis.
Alcoholic celotipia or delusion of jealousy